What are the differences in the structure of plant and animal cells?

Answer from: Bochkarev Sergey:
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An important distinction is the way of feeding: all plants are autotrophs (they synthesize nutrients for themselves). Animals get their nutrients from the food; they are heterotrophs. Plants have plastids for photosynthesis, animals do not. On the outside, plants are covered with a dense membrane, the plasma membrane, consisting of cellulose, whereas in animals the outer membrane is represented by the glycocalyx (a carbohydrate-rich peripheral zone of the outer surface coating of the membrane of most eukaryotic cells).

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